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Category: Methodology

Read e-book online Process-Tracing Methods: Foundations and Guidelines PDF

By Derek Beach,Rasmus Brun Pedersen

Process-tracing in social technology is a technique for learning causal mechanisms linking explanations with results. this allows the researcher to make robust inferences approximately how a reason (or set of factors) contributes to generating an consequence. Derek seashore and Rasmus Brun Pedersen introduce a cultured definition of process-tracing, differentiating it into 3 specific editions and explaining the functions and obstacles of every. The authors strengthen the underlying common sense of process-tracing, together with how one should still comprehend causal mechanisms and the way Bayesian common sense permits robust within-case inferences. they supply directions for deciding upon the variation of process-tracing just right for the examine query to hand and a collection of guidance for every level of the study process.

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Norman K. Denzin,Yvonna S. Lincoln's Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials PDF

By Norman K. Denzin,Yvonna S. Lincoln

This publication is the 3rd of 3 paperback volumes taken from The SAGE guide of Qualitative study, Fourth Edition. It introduces the researcher to easy equipment of amassing, studying and examining qualitative empirical fabrics. half 1 strikes from narrative inquiry, to severe arts-based inquiry, to oral background, observations, visible methodologies, and autoethnographic tools. It then takes up research tools, together with computer-assisted methodologies, concentration teams, in addition to techniques for reading speak and textual content. The chapters partially II talk about proof, interpretive adequacy, types of illustration, post-qualitative inquiry, the recent details applied sciences and learn, the politics of facts, writing, and review practices.

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Alan Bryman,Harry Ferguson,Saul Becker's Understanding research for social policy and social work PDF

By Alan Bryman,Harry Ferguson,Saul Becker

it's important for college students, coverage makers and practitioners engaged in social coverage, social paintings and different similar educational disciplines and fields of perform to appreciate the significance of analysis and the way to interpret learn facts and findings. They additionally want to know the way to successfully perform and document quality study in their own. This completely revised and increased moment version of the acclaimed foreign bestseller, which now additionally incorporates a specialize in social paintings, will permit readers to fulfill a lot of these demanding situations. accomplished in scope, and written expertly via eighty best participants in an obtainable and fascinating type, this landmark ebook, from The coverage Press's knowing Welfare sequence, contains greater than forty new participants and dozens of recent sections which spotlight advancements because the first version. It additionally combines theoretical and utilized discussions and case examples to supply the basic one-stop advisor to investigate equipment, ways and debates.

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Download e-book for iPad: Notas Urbanas: Nula es la Estética sin la Ética (Spanish by Julia Delgado-Chalbaud,Henrique Iribarren Monteverde

By Julia Delgado-Chalbaud,Henrique Iribarren Monteverde

Los conceptos, las rules, y por supuesto, las ideologías, para que sean sustentables deben poseer los angeles medida y los angeles forma que las completa, que las convierte en un todo suficiente y armónico por sí mismo. De tal manera, no le bastan a un mejor hombre o mujer, estados espirituales originarios o amplísimos conocimientos, sin l. a. requerida talla y curaduría tanto de unos como de otros. En el mismo sentido, tampoco le son suficientes, los placeres sensoriales de los angeles estética sin los angeles profundidad del sentimiento, del conocimiento y del valor. En su primera parte, NOTAS URBANAS, nos ofrece un conciso análisis sobre el espíritu, los angeles cultura y l. a. estructura de las sociedades contemporáneas occidentales, para luego, en sus cuarenta y tres notas, ahondar en ciertos aspectos específicos, y describir en detalle amables indicaciones para conducirnos con gracia y sabiduría en las variadas situaciones de l. a. vida de hoy y de siempre.

Julia Delgado-Chalbaud.

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Download e-book for iPad: Volkszählung und Mikrozensus (German Edition) by Stefan Rampfel,Diana Reich,Thomas Plünnecke

By Stefan Rampfel,Diana Reich,Thomas Plünnecke

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2001 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, notice: 2,0, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Proseminar: Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistik (Statistik II), Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Einleitung

Die systematische oder gezielte Datenerhebung der Bevölkerung ist keine neuzeitliche Errungenschaft. In verschiedenen Kulturen ist das Sammeln von Informationen über die Bevölkerung schon seit der Antike bekannt. Regelmäßige Volkszählungen fanden unter anderem im alten Ägypten oder dem Römischen Reich statt. Das bekannteste Beispiel ist die Bevölkerungserhebung zu Beginn der traditionellen Weihnachtsgeschichte. Für Maria und Josef ist sie Anlass, nach Palästina zu kommen. Im Jahre sieben vor Christus dienten die gewonnenen Daten nicht zu Zwecken der Sozialforschung. Sie waren administrativer Natur und sollten dem damaligen Kaiser Herodes Auskunft über die Zahl der Kriegstauglichen und Steuerzahler geben (Diekmann, 1999, Seite 78).
Bedeutung und Umfang sozioökonomischer Daten haben nicht zuletzt durch den rasanten Fortschritt im Technologiebereich kontinuierlich zugenommen. Heute beruhen wichtige Planungsentscheidungen des politischen, gesellschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Lebens auf den gesammelten Daten. So sind sie unter anderem maßgebend für die Verteilung der Steuern, wie wir im Verlauf unseres Referates noch aufzeigen werden. Dieses beschäftigt sich mit der Volkszählung und dem Mikrozensus. Im ersten Abschnitt des Referates zeichnen wir die Geschichte und Entwicklung der beiden Erhebungsinstrumente nach. Im anschließenden Themenkomplex wenden wir uns der Methode zu. Hierbei behandeln wir vor allem Vorgehensweise, Ablauf und Inhalte der Erhebungen. Obwohl der concentration unseres Referates auf den Instrumenten Volkszählung und Mikrozensus liegt, wenden wir uns aus Gründen der Vollständigkeit in einem weiteren Punkt der personenbezogenen Fortschreibung zu. Die vielfältigen Verwendungsmöglichkeiten der erhobenen Daten leiten einen weiteren Gliederungspunkt ein: die „pro-und-contra-Argumente“ der Volkszählung.
Die Debatte um das Für und Wider einer Volkszählung schlug vor allem im Vorfeld der für 1983 geplanten Erhebung hohe Wellen. Kontroverse Diskussionen und Verfassungsbeschwerden führten zum Volkszählungsurteil des Bundesverfassungsgerichts, das wir im Rahmen unseres Referates ebenfalls behandeln.
Ehe wir unsere Arbeit mit einem Fazit abschließen, geben wir noch einen Ausblick auf die für das Jahr 2001 geplante Volkszählung innerhalb der Europäischen Union. Ferner stellen wir im Schlussteil des Referates die Praxis des Erhebungsinstruments Volkszählung am Beispiel der Türkei und China auf.
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Download e-book for iPad: Mathematical Models for Society and Biology by Edward Beltrami

By Edward Beltrami

Mathematical Modeling for Society and Biology engagingly relates arithmetic to forcing real-life difficulties in biology and modern society. It indicates how mathematical instruments can be utilized to achieve perception into those glossy, universal difficulties to supply powerful, genuine options.

Beltrami's artistic, non-threatening procedure attracts on a wealth of fascinating examples referring to present social and organic matters. principal rules seem back in several contexts through the ebook, exhibiting the overall solidarity of the modeling method. The versions are strikingly novel and according to problems with actual trouble. such a lot have by no means seemed in booklet shape. in the course of the relevance of those versions arithmetic turns into not only figures and numbers, yet a way to a extra subtle knowing of the world.

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New PDF release: El helicoide de la investigación: metodología en tesis de

By Gisela Zaremberg,Julio Aibar,Fernando Cortés,Liliana Martínez,Helder Binimelis Espinoza,Federico Gobato,Mariana Delgado Barón,Orlando Espinosa Santiago,Lizette Mora,Jefferson Jaramillo Marín,Gislene Moreira,Joaliné Pardo Núñez,Mauricio Uribe-López

Este libro no es un texto de metodología tradicional. Propone, en cambio, un abordaje diferente exponiendo al lector las decisiones y los caminos metodológicos emprendidos en investigaciones que originaron tesis de doctorado y de maestría en ciencias sociales. l. a. obra condensa experiencias reflexionadas y narradas por los propios autores sobre el proceso que los llevó a culminar con éxito sus tesis. Es un libro que comparte con aire intimista, los angeles lógica del vaivén en torno a los momentos de decisión y gozo que enfrentan todos aquellos comprometidos con l. a. tarea de investigar. 

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New PDF release: Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason: Text and

By F.A Hayek,Bruce Caldwell

"The experiences of which this booklet is the outcome have from the start been guided via and finally proven the a bit outdated conviction of the writer that it really is human rules which govern the advance of human affairs," Hayek wrote in his notes in 1940. certainly, Studies at the Abuse and Decline of Reason is still Hayek’s maximum unfinished paintings and is right here awarded for the 1st time less than the specialist editorship of Bruce Caldwell.



In the publication, Hayek argues that the abuse and decline of cause used to be attributable to hubris, by means of man’s delight in his skill to cause, which in Hayek’s brain were heightened by way of the speedy improve and multitudinous successes of the typical sciences, and the try and follow ordinary technological know-how equipment within the social sciences.

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Helena Carreiras,Celso Castro's Qualitative Methods in Military Studies: Research PDF

By Helena Carreiras,Celso Castro

This e-book examines the method of qualitative study in army experiences.


Since the top of the chilly warfare, the variety of experiences on army and society has grown considerably in substance, dimension and influence. although, just a tiny a part of this bibliography offers intensive with the learn equipment used, specially when it comes to qualitative equipment. the knowledge that shape the root of the researchers’ analyses are frequently offered as if they were immediately to be had, instead of as a made from interplay among the researcher and people who participated within the study.


Comprising essays through foreign students, the amount discusses the methodological questions raised by means of qualitative learn method in army settings. at the one hand, it makes a speciality of the specificity of the army as a social context for examine: the authors unmarried out and talk about the actual box results produced through institutional preparations, norms and practices of the army. at the different, the authors continue in an empirical demeanour: all methodological questions are addressed in regards to concrete occasions of box study.


This booklet can be of a lot curiosity to scholars of army reviews, examine equipment, sociology, anthropology, warfare and clash experiences and safety experiences in general.

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New PDF release: Behavioral Decision Theory: Psychological and Mathematical

By Kazuhisa Takemura

This ebook presents an outline of behavioral choice concept and comparable examine findings. briefly, behavioral determination conception is a basic time period for descriptive theories to provide an explanation for the mental wisdom concerning decision-making habit. it truly is known as a concept, yet truly it's a mixture of varied mental theories, for which no axiomatic platforms, resembling the application idea universal in economics, were verified; it is usually restricted to qualitative wisdom. besides the fact that, as recommended within the experiences of H. A. Simon, who gained the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1978, and D. Kahneman, who gained the prize in 2002,  the mental technique and information of behavioral choice thought were utilized largely in such fields as economics, enterprise management, and engineering, and are anticipated to develop into extra precious sooner or later. This publication explains a number of behavioral selection theories on the topic of decision-making tactics. a variety of versions were proposed to provide an explanation for the mental procedures on the topic of this kind of choice of choice recommendations, and this ebook additionally introduces a few new versions which are important to give an explanation for decision-making techniques. The publication concludes with hypothesis in regards to the way forward for smooth behavioral determination theories whereas relating their relation to fields linked to neuroscience, equivalent to neuroeconomics, which have been constructed lately. additionally, every one bankruptcy encompasses a bibliography that may be spoke of whilst learning extra information on the topic of behavioral determination theory.  studying this ebook calls for no complex services; still, an introductory wisdom of psychology, enterprise management, and economics, and nearly a highschool graduate’s point of arithmetic may still facilitate the reader’s comprehension of the content.

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